Adapted sports is the umbrella term for sport and athletics for people with any kind of functional impairment.
A wide range of different adapted sports and activities are available, and still more are being developed.
Some sports, such as swimming, athletics and equestrian, are very similar to their traditional counterparts.
Others are adapted sports where the impairment plays a central part in the rules:
Powerchair football and wheelchair tennis are sports played exclusively in wheelchairs; blind football, showdown and goalball are sports for the blind and visually impaired, and they are played wearing blindfolds or masks to ensure fair competition.
We recommend looking into these sports:
For inspiration, watch this video about boccia as an inclusive sport played in different ways
Boccia is played at both elite and recreational levels in clubs, schools and activity centres all over the world. Boccia is also a Paralympic sport.
Handi Life Sport manufactures bocia balls for all purposes: for the boccia club or institution that plays boccia, and for the elite boccia players, who aim for the Paralympics and make special demands for their personal boccia balls.
Our bocciaballs are available in different categories of hardness all with the BISFed License Stamp:
Hard (Superior Classic and Ledo Suede), medium/hard, medium, medium/soft, soft and supersoft (Superior Supersoft and Ledo Suede). We also customize boccia sets with balls in different hardnesses to suit the individual player.
We advise players to store and carry their boccia balls in our specially made Superior Boccia Case or Superior Boccia Backpack, which effectively protects the round shape of the balls.
Players who lack the ability to throw the boccia balls into the court can make use of our boccia ramps. We carry headpointers for ramp players who release the ball by head movement.
If you have a hard time picking up your boccia balls, use our Boccia Ball Pick up. The Boccia Ball Pick up makes it easy to pick up the balls, even from a seated position. The tube can collect up to six boccia balls at a time.
A novelty in boccia is the Boccia Grid/Touchboard that allows the blind and visually impaired to play boccia as well.
To the Boccia referee
Our referee equipment makes it possible to direct the boccia game and provide the correct ruling.
Showing the referee's paddle easily signalizes whether red or blue is to throw next. Additionally, the soft, foam-covered referee paddle can be used as convenient knee protection when kneeling down to measure for correct judgement!
Show the match score with our simple Boccia Scoreboard, which is easy to use.
The measuring callipers measure differences in distance even up to the nearest millimeter.
The boccia measuring band is great for measuring distances of up to 3 meters.
Boccia for the blind
The sophisticated Boccia Grid makes it possible to play boccia without vision.
The rubber grid and press-in pegs allow the player to scan or "see" the board with their fingers. The Grid is scaled to the playing area 10 cm to 1 meter.
The pegs have different shapes for the red and blue team. The larger pegs are placed in the grid to represent the players' sitting position. The other pegs are placed to represent the balls on the court.
This equipment provides a fun and excellent training of focus, tactile senses, coordination, balance and space perception.
It enables visually impaired players to play a tactical game and compete with sighted players.
Playing blind boccia is really fun and a completely new challenge – also for sighted people!
Boccia in the Dark
Watch this video where Boccia England and Boccia Taiwan Sports Federation in joint cooperation make the first Blind Boccia competition with a Boccia Grid/ Touchboard in Taiwan:
Football 5-a-side, or blind football, is the new fast-growing sport for the blind and visually impaired. Several European football clubs have integrated a team for blind football.
There are only five players on each team, and the only sighted player is the goalkeeper. All besides the keeper are wearing face masks, and some are wearing protective head gear. The keeper is not allowed to leave the goal area.
5-a-side is played with a size 3 audible futsal ball with low bounce. The players localize the ball exclusively by sound, and they receive instructions on the field from the other players, the coach, a shooting assistant behind the opponent's goal and the keeper.
It is therefore extremely important that the audience stays silent during the game. The silence builds up the tension, and often culminate in a thunderous roar when a goal is scored.
There is no offside rules in 5-a-side, and the pitch is lined with kickboards. Each half lasts for 20 minutes.
Due to the growing interest in 5-a-side, the level of play on an international level is continually rising, and the games are getting more exciting. This results in increased financial support for the sport in many different countries, and, of course, in a growing number of fans all over the world.
Handi Life Sport produce a beautiful and well functioning ball for 5-a-side, approved by IBSA. The Handi Life Sport ball is used world wide, and is the official ball of the German league.
Watch this wonderful video about a blind football player:
Showdown is a fun and fast-paced game that is mainly played by the blind and visually impaired. It is similar to air hockey and table tennis, but it still has its own unique identity.
The game is played on a rectangular table with 15 cm tall sidewalls and a goal pocket in each end. In the middle of the table is the so-called centreboard screen that allows the ball to pass underneath but not above it.
The players, who are wearing blind folds, are standing at each end of the table, trying to score in the opponent’s goal while protecting their own goal. The rattling plastic ball hits pretty hard, and so the players wear a protective glove on their playing hand.
Everyone can play showdown as long as they are wearing blind folds. It is a great game for people with and without visual impairment to play together.
Showdown is played all over the world, and it is especially common in Canada, South America, Scandinavia and Eastern Europe. Showdown is a competitive sport for the blind and visually impaired.
Read more about Showdown at IBSA’s website, IBSA's website, and watch this video about a Swedish boy who plays showdown:
Goalball is a well-known and widespread ball game for the blind and visually impaired. It is an intense game that makes demands to the players’ physique and ability to cooperate.
Two teams play against each other on a court with a goal in each end covering the entire back-line.
The players use their entire body do guard the goal, and in the attempt to score, the ball is rolled powerfully towards the opponent’s goal.
The game is played with an audible blue rubber ball weighing 1250 gram, and the players use protective masks and protective gear.
Torball is an indoor ball game for the blind and visually impaired, a sort of ‘goalball light’.
It is played with a 500-gram rubber ball fitted with interior bells, and the players wear facemasks.
Each team consists of three players that must stay on their half of the court at all times. Goals are located at both ends of the court, and the players must guard these goals to prevent the opponent from scoring.
In front of the goals, three parallel ropes are suspended 40 cm above the floor. The ball must roll under these ropes without touching them in order to score a goal.
Torball is popular in Germany, the Netherlands and Austria.
Powerchair football, also known as power soccer, is an indoor team sport for people who use power wheelchairs.
Two teams consisting of four players fight for victory during two halves of 15 minutes.
The sport is played with an oversized football (size 32), and the ball is kicked around with metal footguards attached to the power wheelchairs.
Powerchair football make heavy demands to the player’s chair control skill, including controlling the speed, acceleration and precision of the chair.